Psychotherapy Through the use of the treatment relationship, therapy is an opportunity to learn to engage more fully and productively.  The therapist is like a teacher, helping the patient (student) experience something  in a new way.  This is reflected in the name given to one treatment model, "cognitive-behavioral therapy,"  which (like most psychotherapies) is based on psychoanalysis.  You can't fully understand something until you have experienced it.  That is why it's so hard to explain an experience -- whether of psychotherapy, or riding on a roller-coaster --  to someone who hasn't "been there."

There are numerous  Types of Therapy